Reading Time: 12 minutes
As any business importing from another country will know, taking in goods from another country can represent a tricky task. One of the main considerations that you’ll have to think about is whether you’ll need to use an Importer of Record (IOR) or a consignee.
Both Importers of Record and consignees are important parties in the shipping process, but there are crucial differences between the two. Knowing these differences, and the regulation and documentation that relate to each, is of huge importance.
So, to put your mind at ease, join us as we explore the definitions for both Importer of Record and consignee, as well as what their respective responsibilities are.
Importer of Record vs. Consignee: What’s the Difference?
Put simply, the main differences between an importer of record and a consignee are their separate responsibilities when it comes to importing goods, the respective levels of legal liability both have, and their differing roles in specific shipping transactions.
The Importer of Record is responsible for ensuring that all the necessary documentation is completed accurately and submitted to the relevant authorities. Meanwhile, the consignee is responsible for taking possession of the goods once they arrive at the destination and inspecting them to ensure they are in good condition.
Another key difference between an Importer of Record and a consignee is legal liability. On one hand, the Importer of Record assumes legal liability for the imported goods, including any taxes or duties that may apply, while the consignee typically does not have this responsibility.
The role of the Importer of Record and the consignee can be different depending on the specific requirements of the shipment. For example, in some cases, the Importer of Record and the consignee may be the same person or company, while in other cases, they may be different.
What is the Meaning of an Importer of Record?
In a shipping transaction, an Importer of Record is the person or entity in the destination country that ensures that all relevant documentation has been filled out. It is their job to make sure that the incoming shipment is compliant with the importing laws of the destination.
Importers of Record work similarly to an exporter of Record, except, as the name suggests, the latter is focused entirely on exports, rather than imports.
Read more about what it means to be an IOR with our definitive importer of Record guide.
What is an Importer of Record Required to do?
There are a number of key things that an Importer of Record is required to do in any shipping transaction. For example, they are the party in charge of making sure that all required paperwork is correctly submitted to the appropriate authorities. This includes disclosing details about the products’ country of origin, their cost, and any applicable taxes and tariffs.
Meanwhile, IORs are also in charge of making sure the delivered products adhere to any rules and specifications in the country of destination. For instance, they need to ensure that the products adhere to any applicable safety standards, labelling guidelines, and other laws.
When is an Importer of Record Needed?
An Importer of Record is necessary at all times when an importer is bringing commodities into a particular nation from another. The Importer of Record is in charge of making sure that the required documentation is correctly filed, and any other important details about the products’ country of origin, their cost, or applicable taxes and tariffs are passed on.
They are also required when acquiring licences or permits for specific items. These items may include perishables or restricted goods, for which importers may need extra authorization.
However, it’s worth noting that whether, or how, an Importer of Record is needed depends based on the particular type of item and the country of destination.
For example, some nations may demand that the Importer of Record be a citizen or a company registered in the nation.
If you are unsure if you need an Importer of Record for your unique import operation, consult a customs specialist or other specialist who can assist you negotiate the intricate rules and regulations that apply to importing products.
What is a Consignee?
In shipping terminology, a consignee is the individual consumer or entity that takes over possession of cargo once it reaches the destination port. It is their task to check the goods for damage and make sure the shipment contains all the correct products.
Typically, a consignee is identified in the shipping documents, such as the bill of lading. It’s important that the consignee is clearly labelled, as they are an important part of the shipping process.
It’s important to choose a reliable and experienced consignee to ensure a smooth and successful shipment of goods. It also means that complications during the importing process can be ironed out with minimal fuss.
What are the responsibilities of a consignee?
Just like an Importer of Record, a consignee has a range of specific responsibilities that it must account for. For one, it is the responsibility of the consignee to examine the transported products to make sure they are in good shape and correspond to the shipping documents’ description. They must also make sure they are stored properly, ready for easy loading.
In some circumstances, clearing the goods through customs is also the responsibility of the consignee. Here, further documentation may need to be filled out, and any applicable taxes or levies may need to be paid.
If the consignee is unfamiliar with the procedure, this duty might be transferred to a third-party customs broker. Working with third-party importing partners like TecEx can help in these situations, as they can step in and deal with the documentation required for a successful transaction.
When is a Consignee needed?
Depending on the circumstances, a consignee is usually required when importers are shipping goods from one country to another.
Typically, without the authorization of a consignee or an authorized representative, the carrier will not be able to lawfully finalize a delivery. Unless otherwise stated in the bill of lading, the consignee must be physically present to accept the shipment from the carrier.
As already touched on, in some cases the consignee may also be needed when an importer is clearing certain types of goods through customs. However, this responsibility can also be delegated to a third-party customs broker if the consignee is not familiar with the process.
The requirement for a consignee can differ depending on the shipping terms and the particular requirements of the shipment, just like with the importer of record. Regardless, when the shipment is made, it’s crucial to define the duties and obligations of the consignee and the importer of record to make sure that everyone is aware of their responsibilities.
How Should you Decide Between an Importer of Record vs Consignee?
Whether you decide on an Importer of Record and a consignee depends on a number of factors, including the specific requirements of the shipment, the destination country’s regulations, and the level of knowledge and experience of the parties involved.
For example, you may want to choose an Importer of Record if you are importing goods into a new country for the first time or are not familiar with the customs clearance process in the destination country. An experienced Importer of Record can help ensure that all necessary paperwork is completed accurately and on time, and that any applicable taxes or duties are paid.
However, if you are already familiar with the customs clearance process in the destination country and are comfortable handling the necessary paperwork and payment of taxes and duties, a consignee may be a better option. A consignee can help ensure that the goods are received and inspected upon arrival, and that any issues or damages are addressed promptly.
Ultimately, the decision between an Importer of Record and a consignee will depend on your specific needs. Working with a customs broker or other qualified professional like TecEx can help you make an informed decision and ensure a successful import operation.
Navigate tricky importing issues with TecEx
As your international trade partner, TecEx will help you overcome all of your import compliance issues, allowing you to ship globally with no added hassle.
We act as your Importer of Record, meaning we will take care of all the necessary permits, licenses, and customs clearance requirements for your shipment. With us, you’ll have peace of mind that your shipments arrive at their destination on time and in compliance with all applicable regulations.
Explore our full range of services to discover all the ways in which TecEx can make your shipping journey a breeze.